In stressful situations, the body generates cortisol which is a hormone produced by the adrenal gland and which is controlled by the hypothalamus which is an area in the center of the brain that plays an important role in regulating mood, temperature body, sleep, hunger, thirst … In this area of the brain are some neuroendocrine cells that stimulate the secretion of corticotropin which stimulates the production of cortisol.
In the case of stress, the body releases much more cortisol than normal by increasing blood glucose levels in order to have more energy, leading to insulin spikes and storing the remaining energy in the muscle in the form of glycogen or in adipose tissue, in the form of fat. When stress is continuous, cortisol becomes chronic leading to weight gain.
Periods of stress are closely related to situations of emotional hunger since excessive psychological stress triggers a cascade of hormonal and metabolic imbalances. These imbalances cause the release of cortisol that to a great extent favor and sensitize the central mechanisms responsible for producing pleasure, a consequence of the consumption of certain highly palatable foods, favoring, if not paid attention to, a favorable context for the origin of certain cardio pathologies – metabolic or diseases such as obesity, type II diabetes, metabolic syndrome, …
WHAT CAN WE DO?
Having the help of a multidisciplinary team that helps to work both on a psychological and physical level to prevent certain pathologies from arising in the long term and learn to manage stressful situations that may arise in any field, be it work, family, sentimental, In addition to accompanying said psychological learning with the practice of physical exercise as a non-pharmacological alternative that would produce positive effects in this environment of anxiety and depression and the acquisition of healthy eating habits, allowing the body to generate cortisol but this time with an effect that they favor or lead to anti-inflammatory and highly positive processes in an environment where adipose tissue begins to be present in a not so healthy percentage.